(con't from prev. post)
Scorsese, apparently, did his research; some of the sources he cites is the Biblical Archeology Review; Elaine Pagels' The Gnostic Gospels; National Geographic; Revolution in Judea: Jews and the Jewish Resistance, by Hyam Maccoby; Jesus the Jew: A Historian's Reading of the Gospels, Qeza Vermes; To Change the World: Christology & Cultural Criticism, by Rosemary Radford Ruether; The History of Ancient Israel, by Michael Grant; The Bible as History, by Werner Keller; Handbook of Life in Bible Times, by J.A. Thompson.
Compare that to Gibson's movie, which doesn't even get the basic research right--the Romans speak to the Jews in Greek, not Latin; the whole cross is too heavy to carry; the crosses were T-shaped and not pre-drilled (that's ridiculous; even a Roman would know that condemned men came in different sizes), a seat was used, not a footrest, and so on and so forth.